Data Enrichment: What Is It and Why Does Your Business Need It?

You’re probably using data enrichment daily without knowing it. 

Google’s autocomplete feature, for instance, works with it: It takes raw data (the letters you type in) and enriches it to match it with an enormous database of (almost) all possible words. The result? A smarter tool that improves user experience. 

But did you know data enrichment (a.k.a. data augmentation or appending) is at the core of numerous online businesses these days? And did you know it’s easier than ever to get started with it?

In this post, we’ll go over the key concepts of data enrichment in a general context – as well as show why it’s such a must-have feature for online fraud prevention. 

What Is Data Enrichment?

Data enrichment is a process that takes raw data points and merges them with similar data points in a larger database. The database can be internal or maintained by a third party service, or even a combination of open (OSINT) data and internal sources, or a combination of databases.

This way, we can learn more about someone or something, starting from a single data point.

For example, we can find out more about a customer from their email address or phone number. 

SEON employs data enrichment to empower companies to fight fraud efficiently, as well as source alternative data for credit scoring, find their most valuable customers, and so on.

Enter your email address or phone number below to see how SEON takes each and sources information from 90+ online platforms and social media to give you a complete profile of this individual, together with a risk score.


Why Is Data Enrichment Important?

Data enrichment is important because it helps you know more about your users without asking them for extra information.

For instance, you can verify someone’s identity simply by asking them their email address. It helps to reduce risk without increasing user friction and slowing down the user experience.

When it comes to businesses, the more data you have, the smarter your business decisions can be. This is especially true for companies who lack crucial data, for instance when:

  • Moving to a new market
  • Trying to keep up with trends
  • Starting a new business (like moving from brick and mortar to online)
  • Trying to reduce customer friction by only collecting the essential info
  • Looking to improve targeting
  • Reducing fraud rates
Data Enrichment Analysis Against Fraud

Combine advanced device fingerprinting, real-time social media profiling, customizable risk scoring and Machine Learning insights.

Ask an Expert

What Are the Benefits of Data Enrichment?

Data enriching is a key competitive advantage as it helps:

  • Learn more about your users: this is important to reduce risk and fraud
  • Reduce user friction: no need to ask users to fill dozens of fields. You can run the checks in the background without disrupting the user journey.
  • Reduce churn: putting obstacles in the user journey tends to create churn, for instance in the form of cart abandonment.
  • Real-time checks: a good data enrichment tool should deliver results in real-time.
  • Accelerate manual reviews: unsure about a medium-risk transaction? Run the data through a data enrichment module to make a better informed decision.

Examples of Businesses Using Data Enrichment

Automating data enrichment is at the core of the modern digital world. In fact, it is the process that allows businesses in a number of verticals to exist, here are seven examples:


Credit scoring is built on data enrichment. Banks or loaning providers access third-party / alternative databases which help them create a complete profile of the customers they’re dealing with (and hopefully reject potential defaulting customers).

In fact, the entire process of underwriting risk would be impossible without data enrichment – especially when working digitally. As you are originally in the dark about your potential customers, trust alone won’t do. You need to prepare yourself against bad agents by gathering as much info as possible.

Fraud prevention

Similarly, online businesses can reduce fraud rates by creating better user profiles. A single data point like an email address, device used or IP address, can be enriched to create a full picture of the user.

A good example would be our own email lookup tool, or email analysis module. Your user enters their email address at the onboarding stage, and we automate a search that aggregates incredibly precise information, such as whether it is connected to social media sites, if the domain is valid, how old the address is, etc.. As you can imagine, that simple process can go a long way in reducing fraud rates in the long run.


Insurance providers tend to categorize their customers based on various data-points and enrich the specific dataset. Once they have all the info they need, they can provide relevant insurance deals or products based on the risk related to the customer.

So data enriching in that sense is used both as a segmentation tool, and a targeting one. You can use it to refine your business processes in order to be more efficient at your job.


Another example where customer segmentation using data enrichment becomes more precise. Marketing companies target individuals with more relevant offers and adverts by getting to know their audiences.

Ever wondered why so many companies use cookies for tracking your footprint across the web? The answer is data enrichment, which can be leveraged directly by advertisers, or brokered to be resold to third party companies.


The best illustration here is Amazon’s feature that suggests similar products. The data Amazon has about you can be simple (the page you are browsing), but by linking it to their immense database of customer purchases, they can intelligently recommend products for upselling.

This ability to aggregate data and create meaningful insights for their goals (upsell) is one of the reasons the retailing giant is so far ahead of competitors in the online sphere. Although it should be said that most online stores now use big data as an intrinsic part of their business model.

businesses that can use data enrichment

How to Choose Data Enrichment for Your Business

The good news is that there are more and more companies providing data enrichment these days. The challenge is in finding one that really meets your needs. So here are a few things to consider:

  • Manual or automated? Some data enrichment options work great for specific queries. For instance, if you only need to know more about the odd loan applicant. For large scale operations, you’ll need to work with a third party data provider/aggregator. Which brings us to the topic of…
  • Integration: Do you want to work via an API? Or purchase the database and automate the search yourself? For custom integrations, a single point makes it easier for developers, but it’s not always available.
  • Data quality and legality: How fresh is the data you are acquiring? And does the company delivering it meet legal requirements for data protection like the GDPR?
  • Pricing: There shouldn’t be a ton of variation here, as most third party data enrichment companies charge a micro fee for each check. 

And last but not least, Middleware options, which I’ll explain in more details below.

Does Data Appending Affect Privacy Policies?

That’s a good question, especially since data privacy has been a major topic in recent years. As the number of data breaches suffered by big organizations shows no signs of slowing down, governments had to step in and set up drastic precautions to protect user data, such as the GDRP or ISO 27001.

Now to ensure you comply with both these regulations, your data enrichment service should source its data from open and social source. 

Not following this guideline could put you at risk of breaking the rules in your region, which could incur fines and needless legal battles. 

How Does Machine Learning Complete Data Enriching?

Getting the enriched data is one thing. Interpreting it is another. In fact, one rule to remember is that, unless you are a trained data scientist, you are more likely to make poor decisions when looking at large volumes of data.

This is where it’s worth understanding the role that machine learning can play. The technology works wonders as middleware between the deluge of data you are about to receive, and the intelligent humans who will make sense of it. 

So if your data enrichment service provides a scoring system, for instance, it’s important to understand how it works, and how the models are built, because they will need to be tweaked and supervised eventually. 

This is the core difference between an opaque, or blackbox system, versus a whitebox system, which lets you peer into the rules via human-readable words. If you only get the score, you might feel at the mercy of the algorithms without really getting a sense of how things work.

Here is an example of how a whitebox system and human intelligence can be combined in the context of fraud prevention, where a data enrichment system gives a score of how risky a transaction is.

fraud prevention workflow with data enrichment and machine learning

And it works wonders: Companies using our end-to-end fraud prevention solution, which includes data enriching and a machine learning engine, reduce their fraud rates on average by 70-80%.

How SEON Uses Data Enrichment

Data enriching isn’t really anything new. But how it’s performed these days is what makes all the difference. Businesses who want to remain competitive and grow need it more than ever – especially when it’s combined with the power of machine learning analysis.

Thankfully, companies don’t have to design a full data enrichment system from scratch, as they can simply hire the services of a third-party company. At SEON, we make it easier than ever to enrich data from an email or phone number, for instance with our simple Chrome extension or via the manual search page of the Admin Platform.

So whether you choose SEON for fraud prevention, or any other tools that can help meet your goals of better user experience or improved targeted marketing, I hope this primer on the topic will convince you of all the great possibilities data enriching can offer.

Real-Time Reverse Social Media Lookups

Confirm users’ identity in real-time using email or phone-based social media lookups

Ask an Expert

Frequently Asked Questions

Which types of businesses use data enrichment?

Data enrichment has always been useful for credit scoring and KYC (know your customer) checks. This was historically only required for financial institutions. However, these days data appending is used by companies ranging from iGaming to eCommerce.

When do you need a data enrichment?

Data enrichment is ideal to learn more about users without asking them for more info. This is perfect for risk management, when you want to reduce fraud rates by gaining a 360 view of user actions such as onboarding, login or checkout.

What is a data enrichment tool?

A data enrichment tool allows you to learn more about users based on a minimum amount of data points. For instance, an email address only can be cross-referenced to learn if the user exists, if they used a free or disposable domain, and if they have linked social media profiles

More resources

Browser Fingerprinting | Device Fingerprinting | Fraud Detection API | Fraud Detection with Machine Learning & AI


  1. Google: How Google autocomplete works in Search
  2. Forbes: Data Breaches Expose 4.1 Billion Records In First Six Months Of 2019
  3. Fast Company: How Too Much Data Can Hurt Our Productivity And Decision-Making

Share article

Speak with a fraud fighter.

Click here

Author avatar
Tamas Kadar

Tamás Kádár is the Chief Executive Officer and co-founder of SEON. His mission to create a fraud-free world began after he founded the CEE’s first crypto exchange in 2017 and found it under constant attack. The solution he built now reduces fraud for 5,000+ companies worldwide, including global leaders such as KLM, Avis, and Patreon. In his spare time, he’s devouring data visualizations and injuring himself while doing basic DIY around his London pad.

Sign up for our newsletter

The top stories of the month delivered straight to your inbox