Money Laundering Detection for Digital Banks;

Money laundering is a headache for digital banks.

The problem is that compliance is just as challenging. Here’s how to boost AML with minimum friction. 

Why Is Money Laundering a Problem for Digital Banks?

The United Nations estimates that a whopping $2 trillion of dirty money ends up laundered by banks every year. Some of it will inevitably go through neobanks and digital banks. 

The problem? This means compliance issues, hefty fines and, at worst, reputational damage. 

On the other side of the spectrum, having too strict AML systems in place leads to false positives, which upsets customers and also damages your reputation.

How can you strike a balance between seamless user experience and safety?

How Can Digital Banks Detect Money Laundering?

Detecting money laundering is a strictly regulated process, which includes:

  • Transaction monitoring: This involves keeping a close watch on transactions above a certain threshold. You may also want to look at how regular the transactions are, and where the inbound and outbound funds come and go.
  • Real-time alerts: When a transaction threshold is met, you should immediately make a note of it via an automated alert system.
  • KYC and ID validation tools: You should combine your KYC and AML steps to confirm your customers’ IDs at the onboarding stage.
  • PEP and sanction list checks: Another important check at the onboarding stage involves looking at whether your customers are at risk of financial corruption (PEP) or based in countries flagged for money laundering (sanctions lists). 

Top 3 Custom Rules for Money Laundering Detection in Digital Banks

Let’s now look at concrete examples of risk rules you can deploy to meet AML requirements, with screenshots and walkthroughs from the SEON console. 

#1: IP Address from a Sanctioned Country

One of the most important AML rules is also extremely simple to set up. It’s all about understanding whether you are dealing with a user in a high-risk country or not. 

IP address in sanctioned country

This is a great risk rule to deploy at the onboarding stage when users sign up for your digital bank service.

In the example below, you can see that a user who onboarded using an ISP registered in Pakistan was flagged for review. 

AML high risk country list rule

Of course, you can take control over what happens after that flag is raised, as well as exactly which countries will set off the alarm. Most digital banks will send the suspicious transaction or person for review by their manual team, but you can also approve it and attach a note to the customer profile. 

#2: Unusually Large Transaction

AML transaction thresholds are regulated by government bodies. In the US, for instance, you must mark any transaction above $3,000. In the UK the limit is currently set at £8,800. 

This is a key feature of most AML software, and here’s what it would look like as a risk rule. 

unusually large transactions AML

We can clearly see that if the transaction amount is greater than 3,000 (you can specify the currency in your settings), then the transaction will immediately be flagged for review. 

AML threat - fraud score 10

#3: Increase in Transactions Over a Set Period

Now, what about looking at a sharp increase instead of just a high lump sum? 

This is where a velocity rule, also known as a velocity check, will come in handy. These rules allow you to look at data over a set period of time – for instance, an aggregate of all the previous transactions made by one person.

You can then compare the value to their latest transaction. See a sharp increase? Time to flag it.

In the screenshot below, we decided this rule will add 20 points to our risk score.

alert for suspicious transactions AML

Here is what our triggered rule looks like when a fictional user spent €250, which was a more than 200% increase over the last 24 hours.

Note that just like you can look for anomalies, you can also attempt to find extremely regular payments.

In fact, it is highly recommended as part of your AML strategy to identify users who regularly and frequently pay the exact same amounts into and out of their digital bank accounts. 

More Ways SEON Can Help Banks Detect Money Laundering

At SEON, we give neobanks and digital banks all the tools needed to instantly spot suspicious users.

Whether they’re onboarding with synthetic IDs or emulators to game your bonus referral programs, our system extracts tons of valuable data to help you answer security-minded questions like:

  • Does the user appear legitimate?
  • Do they have a social media presence that points to a real person?
  • Are they using spoofing tech to fool our analytics?
  • Have they appeared on our site before under a different alias?

The key is giving your risk analyst more control over who can onboard your platform without slowing down legitimate customers. 

Sources

UNODC: Money Laundering portal
Gov.uk Money laundering supervision for high-value dealers

Share article

See a live demo of our product

Click here

Author avatar
Bence Jendruszak
COO

Bence is the co-founder and COO of SEON whose vision is to create a safer online environment for merchants in high risk verticals.


Get our latest newsletter

Join over 6000 companies in getting the latest fraud-fighting tips